Can oral health knowledge change attitude towards oral health practice between Diabetic and non-Diabetic patients? a cross sectional study among patients visiting Diabetic center and Taibah University college of Dentistry clinic, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
واصفات البياناتعرض سجل المادة الكامل
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease characterized by an impaired production of insulin and has been associated with oral disorders. Risk of developing oral health problem in diabetic patients is more as compared to non-diabetic patients. Common oral diseases are mostly related to oral hygiene and especially in diabetes patient chances of development of oral diseases increase if oral hygiene is not maintained properly. Oral hygiene is closely related with the oral health knowledge of the person. Aim and objectives: Aim of this study is to nd out oral health knowledge and practice among both diabetes and non-diabetes patient in Madinah, KSA. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study carried out on over a period of 6 months from October 2016 until April 2017. A total of 416 diabetic and non-diabetic adults age ranging from 18 to 90 years were selected for the study. A questionnaire was designed to obtain the necessary information. It consisted of two parts oral health practice and oral health knowledge including demographic data. The questions were asked directly from the subjects directly by an interviewer. The data were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 22 software package. The statistically signicant level was set at P< 0.05, and it is measured by Chi Squire. Ethical permission was obtained from the Ethical society of Taibah University College of Dentistry. Results: Demographic data of diabetes and non-diabetes patients are mentioned in table 1. Majority of diabetic patients were less qualied as compared to non-diabetic patients. The results showed not much difference in smoking among diabetes and non-diabetic patients; smokers were 36 (15.9%) among diabetes and 32 (16.8%) among non-diabetes and it has the non-signicant relation (P=0.442). Out of total 29(12.8%) never cleaned their teeth as compared to the non-diabetic patient who was only 3.7 percent. Percentage of diabetic patients having poor oral health knowledge was higher 53(23.5%) as compare to non-diabetic patient 29 (15.3%). But there is no signicant relation (P = 0.095) between diabetic and non-diabetic patient in relation with oral health knowledge. Conclusion: It was concluded that diabetic patients have less knowledge as compare to non-diabetic patients. Numbers of diabetic patients, who did not clean their teeth, was more as compared to non-diabetic patients.