Epidemiological trends of cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Al‑Madinah Al‑Munawarah province, western region of Saudi Arabia
واصفات البياناتعرض سجل المادة الكامل
To investigate the epidemiological trends of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Al‑Madinah Al‑Munawarah, western region of KSA. Materials and Methods: Four hundred and sixty‑seven parasitologically confirmed CL cases attending Al‑Meeqat Hospital, Al‑Madinah, during 2012–2015, were included in this study. Results: Both Saudi and non‑Saudi nationals were infected, with the highest infection rate being among Saudis (68.7%). Males were more affected than females as 86.9% of the total CL cases were males. Moreover, CL was prevalent in all age groups with higher frequency among young adults and adolescents (23.1% and 22.7%, respectively). Interestingly, almost all the patients in the adolescent and child age groups were Saudis(96.2% and 93.5%, respectively). Considering geographical distribution, the highest percentage of the cases (40.5%) were from the northern parts of Al‑Madinah province while the eastern parts reported the least infection rate (7.3%). Few cases (2.5%) were supposed to encounter the infection abroad. Additionally, the frequency of infection was found to follow a seasonal distribution. Regarding treatment, pentostam, ketoconazole, or cryotherapy were the treatment options usually used. Conclusion: CL is prevalent in Al‑Madinah Al‑Munawarah area and new foci are being introduced. Thus, detailed studies with large surveillances regarding vector and reservoir hosts in and around the area are needed.