Splenectomy in thalassaemia major: experience at Madina maternity and children’s hospital, Saudi Arabia
واصفات البياناتعرض سجل المادة الكامل
Eighteen (32%) of 56 children with thalassaemia major, whose ages ranged from 5 to 12 years (mean 8.8), underwent splenectomy at Madina Maternity and Children’s Hospital, Saudi Arabia during the period January 1992 to December 1999. This retrospective study was undertaken with the aim of discovering the outcome. The indications for splenectomy were increased transfusion requirements and massive splenomegaly in 17 children and splenic abscess in one. Polyvalent pneumococcal and Haemophilus in uenza vaccines were not available and all the children therefore received intramuscular benzathine penicillin prophylaxis prior to surgery and oral penicillin prophylactically afterwards. Post-splenectomy septicaemia did not occur. The mean transfusion requirement reduced from 2 to 4 weeks and the mean pre-transfusion haemoglobin rose from 6 to 9 g/dl. There were no deaths. We conclude that splenectomy can be performed safely in children over 5 years of age with thalassaemia, and that pre- and post-operative penicillin can be given prophylactically in the absence of the recommended vaccines.