Software evaluation for crowd evacuation : Case study Masjid An-Nabawi
واصفات البياناتعرض سجل المادة الكامل
Disaster preparation and management, such as emergency evacuation, is very essential for public places. This is especially true for Al-Masjid An-Nabawi which accommodates millions of Muslims around the world during Umrah and Hajj seasons. This paper describes the evaluation process carried out to determine the most suitable software for the purpose of studying the evacuation process of Al-Masjid An-Nabawi. This process starts by identifying the project requirements such as the scope and nature of the project, information and data available (e.g. floor-plan, total occupancy of the mosque), duration of the project and the budget. This is then followed by the survey on all available crowd simulation software. Assessments were carried out in terms of degree of validation, background nature of the software, the models used and features available. These were among the main criteria used in short-listing the potential software to be purchased. Observations and identifications on congestion-prone areas, as case studies, were also performed.