The prevalence of depression and anxiety among medical students in comparison with non-medical students: a cross-sectional study in Taibah university, Al Madinah Al Munawwarah, Saudi Arabia, 2016
واصفات البياناتعرض سجل المادة الكامل
Depression and anxiety have been observed as a common issue among medical students. Medical students are often exposed to several stressors, thus making them more prone to depression than other students from different disciplines. This study aimed to measure and compare the prevalence of depression and anxiety among medical students and non-medical students, Madinah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in Taibah University, Al Madinah Al Munawwarah, Saudi Arabia. The participants, who were both males and females, were composed of 238 final-year medical and computer science students. A simple stratified sample was used for sampling, and ethical approval was issued by Taibah University IRB committee. Data were collected using an electronic questionnaire written in Arabic. The questionnaire was categorized into three parts: demographic questions, Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II), and Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ). Results: For the sample distribution, 44% was Medical student, and 56% was Computer Science students. Findings showed that of these percentage, 33% of medical students suffered moderately from depression, and only 4% of them underwent severe depression. On the other hand, results indicated that among the computer science students, 53% and 7% of them had higher rate of moderate depression and severe depression respectively. Computer science students 23% are also more susceptible to high anxiety than are medical students 14%. The significance relation between depression and specialty (p= 0.001) was found, including the non-significance relation between anxiety and specialty (p= 0.077). Conclusion and Recommendation: Most medical students were not depressed, but they suffered moderately from anxiety. Moreover, both depression and anxiety were more prevalent among computer science students than among medical students.
- Education | التربية