Usefulness of the multiplanar reformatting mode of three-dimensional echocardiography in evaluating valvular and structural heart disease: An experience from Saudi Arabia
واصفات البياناتعرض سجل المادة الكامل
The aim of this study is to compare the feasibility and capacity of multiplanar reformatting (MPR) mode of three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE-MPR technique) with two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) for visualizing morphological details during evaluation of congenital heart disease (CHD). The study also seeks to validate the accuracy of 3DE MPR in determining cardiac valvular lesions and the application of the 3DE-MPR technique in daily clinical practice. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at Madinah Cardiac Centre, Saudi Arabia from May to December 2012. Various forms of CHD were diagnosed in 43 patients by conventional 2DE, and the patients were then examined with the 3DE-MPR technique using dedicated software and a standard protocol. Results: Of the 43 patients, 23 (53.5%) were males and 20 (46.5%) females. Their age varied from 30 days to 146 months (mean age, 70.2 months and SD = 42.5 months) and their weight from 4 to 42 kg (mean weight, 20.2 kg and SD = 9.7 kg). The 2DE showed left heart lesions in nine patients (20.9%), right heart lesions in 23 (53.5%), atrial septal defects in five (11.6%) and complex CHD in six patients (14%). The 3DE MPR technique application and analysis was possible in all patients. The study demonstrated the fields where 3DE MPR was of additive value to conventional 2DE for the vena contracta area in valvular regurgitation severity and the planimetry for the valvular stenosis precise estimation, enface views of atrial septal defects with direct visualisation of shape and size of the defect, and segmental analysis of complex CHD using one window. The clinician and surgeon were then able to determine the mechanism and severity of the lesions and thus decide on appropriate treatment and management. Conclusion: The study demonstrated the usefulness of 3DE-MPR as a complement to conventional 2DE. The technique is a significant technological breakthrough that allows instant visualization of morphological details and precise determination of cardiac valvular lesions, which were less clearly delineated by 2DE alone.