5-Substituted 1H-tetrazoles as effective corrosion inhibitors for mild steel in 1 M hydrochloric acid
واصفات البياناتعرض سجل المادة الكامل
The corrosion inhibition efficiency of (E)-3-phenyl-2-(1H-tetrazole-5-yl)acrylonitrile (PTA), (E)-3-(4-nitrophenyl)-2-(1Htetrazole-5-yl)acrylonitrile (NTA), and (E)-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-(1H-tetrazole-5-yl)acrylonitrile (HTA) on mild steel in 1 M HCl was tested using experimental and theoretical methods. The results show that the inhibition efficiency increases with the increasing concentration, and maximum values were obtained at a 40 mg L−1 concentration. The inhibition efficiency of the studied inhibitors followsthe order HTA (98.69%) > NTA (96.60%) > PTA (93.99%). Polarization studiessuggest that the tetrazoles behave as cathodic inhibitors. The adsorption of the tetrazoles on the mild steel surface obeys the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. In the present study, the values of the free energy of adsorption (−G0 ads) vary from 34.92 to 39.71 kJ mol−1. The adsorption of the tetrazoles on the mild steelsurface issupported by SEM, EDX and AFM studies. Quantum chemical calculations provide good support to the experimental results.